There is no specific cause of acne. Most of the acnes are caused by an increase in the androgen hormone in the body. High androgen levels increase the production of oil from the oil glands. Often this leads to a breakdown of the cellular walls in your face causing the bacteria to develop and grow.

Most of the acne cases are genetically related and are triggered by an increase in the certain type of bacteria on the skin. In general, acne is caused by a combination of clogged pores, high oil production, and sensitive skin. There are different types of acne. They are caused by different conditions. The basic types of acne include blackheads, white-heads, papules, cysts, and pustules.

Acne treatment options

Te following types of treatment are used to treat acne: oral treatment, lifestyle changes, and topical treatment. Most of the prescription medications are based on the use antibacterial agents that are dependent on the high levels of vitamin A in drying out your skin. All the acne medications are associated with certain side effects. Some of these side effects are swelling, itching, sensitivity to sunlight, hormonal imbalance, dry, flaky skin, antibacterial resistance, rash, and redness.

Topical medications for acne

The following are the topical medications prescribed for treating acne.

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This is a common ace’s treatment. It has antiseptic properties which help in removing the bacteria from your skin. This helps in reducing whiteheads, beachheads, and inflammation and other strains of acne. The drug is readily available from a doctor and from over the counter.  It is applied either once or twice on a daily basis. It causes dry skin, burning, itching, swelling and sensitivity to sunlight.


Retinoids help in removing the skin’s dead cells from your face. It also acts as an exfoliator thus aiding in preventing the build up of dead skin cells which would lead to the development of acne pimples.

Topical antibiotics

These are remedies that are applied direafhewqfoheqgrctly to the skin to kill the acne bacteria. Their operation is similar to Benzoyl peroxide since they specifically target the acne bacteria. This lotion is applied to the body at least one in a day. However, some of the bodies might develop resistance against this cream over time. This might worsen the acne condition if it happens. The side effects associated with this lotion include flaky and dry skin, irritation on your skin, burning and peeling of the skin.

Azelaic acid

This is prescribed in case the other medication happens to cause a lot of irritation on the affected individuals. The skin produces more oil when irritation takes place, and this might lead to the development of more pimples on your face. This is a mild treatment which attacks the acne’s bacteria and thus eliminating the dead skin. Its side effects include the following: itching, dry skin , redness, and burning.

Oral medication

These are forms of medicine taken internally. They include antibiotic tablets which are used in conjunction with other topical treatments. They help in reducing the side effects significantly. The most commonly used antibiotic are tetracycline.